Coffee Beans 101: Understanding the Different Types and Roasts

Coffee is a complex beverage that owes its diverse flavors and aromas to the distinct characteristics of various types of coffee beans and the roasting process. Whether you're a casual coffee drinker or an avid enthusiast, understanding the basics of coffee beans and roasts can help you navigate the world of coffee with confidence. Emporium Express is a local coffee shop with locations in Scottsbluff and Gering. Learn more below, and stop by for your coffee today!

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wooden spoon of arabica beans

Species of Coffee

First and foremost, it's important to know that there are two primary species of coffee beans: Arabica and Robusta. Arabica beans are widely regarded as the more premium and flavorful option, while Robusta beans tend to be more robust and bitter in taste.

coffee bean roasting

Roasting Process

Once the coffee cherries are harvested, the coffee beans undergo the roasting process. Roasting is a critical step that transforms the raw green coffee beans into the aromatic and flavorful beans we recognize. The length and temperature of the coffee bean roasting process can significantly influence the taste profile of the final product.

spoons of various coffee roasts

Types of Coffee Roasts

There are three main types of coffee roasts: light, medium, and dark. Light roasts are roasted for a shorter time and at lower temperatures, resulting in a bright and delicate flavor profile. Medium roasts strike a balance between flavor and acidity, offering a more rounded taste. Dark roasts, on the other hand, are roasted for a longer time at higher temperatures, resulting in a bold and smoky flavor with less acidity.

medium and dark roasts mixed together

Subcategories of Coffee

Within each roasted coffee level, there are various subcategories that further define the taste. For example, a light roast could include a "City" roast, which is lightly roasted but not as light as a "Cinnamon" roast. A medium roast might offer variations like "Full City" or "Vienna," each exhibiting subtle differences in flavor and intensity.


Understanding the different types of coffee beans and roasts can be helpful when choosing your preferred way to consume coffee. Here at Emporium Express, we offer many different types of coffee that vary day-to-day, so you can try many different flavors and types to find your favorite. Stop by one of our Scottsbluff or Gering coffee shops today!

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